The territory of Elba

Territory

The island of Elba in numbers

Elba is a unicum of history and panoramas, all connoted by an extraordinary environmental heritage, protected by the PNAT- Natural Park of the Tuscan Archipelago and under the aegis of the UNESCO MaB (Man and the Biosphere), a program that enhances areas that protect the balance between man and nature. In addition, Elba Island is one of the peaks of the Pelagos Cetacean Sanctuary, which makes the surrounding sea even more environmentally valuable

The territory

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Italian island
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Elba Island is the third largest island in Italy (223 km² ) and the largest of the islands in the Tuscan archipelago. As many as 147 kilometers of coastline on crystal-clear waters that encapsulate the fascinating biodiversity of a very picturesque area, rich in history and peoples’ stories. The highest peak is Mount Capanne (1019 mt), the highest peak of the island and archipelago.

Inhabitants

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total inhabitants
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most populated municipality (Portoferraio)

The total Inhabitants of Elba Island, according to the latest ISTAT survey of 2020, are over 31000. Portoferraio, with its 12,000 inhabitants, is the most populated municipality on the island.

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Campo nell'Elba
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Capoliveri
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Porto Azzurro
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Rio nell'Elba
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Marciana
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Marciana Marina

Mines of Rio Marina

Strategic location for the large amount of hematite and limonite immediately identified by the emperor as soon as he landed on the island as a strategic-military axis.
Location: Rio Marina

Paolina Beach

The beach is named after the islet a few meters from the shore, itself named after Napoleon Bonaparte’s sister who, according to a legend (probably created by a tourism entrepreneur in the 1960s) loved to sunbathe on these rocks.

Location: Marciana

San Martino Villa

Designated as a summer residence, Napoleon purchased the property from the Manganaro family in 1814, with the intention of transforming it into a comfortable and refined abode that would have nothing to envy from Parisian residences.

Location: Località San Martino (Portoferraio)

Mulini Villa

Built in 1724 by Grand Duke Gaston de’ Medici, it was Napoleon’s city residence during his first stay on Elba Island.

Location: Portoferraio

Sanctuary of Monserrato

It was built as a sign of gratitude in 1606 by José Pons y León of the Dukes of Arcos, Spanish governor of Naples and first governor of the square of Longone (part of the state of principals). In September 1814 Napoleon, accompanied by Pons and Bertrand wanted to visit the sanctuary.

Location: Località Monserrato (Portoazzurro)

MUM Mineralogical Museum

While the Elban economy today is based on tourism, the fact remains that the people of San Piero and the west coast (Pomonte) have also lived and continue to live off their granite and marble

Location: San Piero in Campo

Port and Tower of Marciana Marina

Visit the harbor where Maria Walewska landed and the armed watchtower visited by Napoleon himself in 1814

Location: Marciana Marina